) They are hunted not only by expert hunters, but are also easily caught by opportunist villagers because of the financial reward they bring at the markets. Although pet shop employees declare that their slow lorises are captive-bred, the advertisements on the pet store websites indicate that their stocks come from Java, Sumatra, or China. Their closes living relatives are slender lorises, pottos, angwantibos, galagos, and â¦  Minority groups in Cambodia also use loris-based medicine for treating broken bones, asthma, and sexually transmitted diseases. Traders cut or pull the teeth of slow lorises to make them appear to be an appropriate pet for small children, but this practice often leads to extreme blood loss, infection, and death. , Humans have been hunting mammals in Asia for at least 40,000 years, but until recently, slow lorises were only hunted at a sustainable level. By collaborating with authorities, healthy slow lorises are released back into the wild. We captured 82 slow loris individuals, including 40 females and 42 males, 338 times (167 females and 171 males; for more details see experimental procedures in Supplemental Information, published with this article online). , The main buyers of medicine made from slow lorises are middle- to upper-class women between the ages of 25 and 45 who primarily use loris rice wine tonic to alleviate the pain of childbirth. reported that Laos, Cambodia, and Thailand were the primary exporters of slow lorises, with Singapore and Malaysia also involved.  In March 2011, a newly posted video of a slow loris holding a cocktail umbrella had been viewed more than two million times, while an older video of a slow loris being tickled had been viewed more than six million times. Determine density of the Bengal Slow Loris population in Satchari National Park using camera trapping and other methods 2. But as more and more tourists have come to this realization, the trend of selfies with the small primates has meant disaster for the slow loris population. 42 of the people â¦ The Philippine slow loris (Nycticebus menagensis) is found in the Sulu Archipelago, Philippines, and Borneo, Indonesia.It is one of the smallest species of slow loris and weighs only 265 to 300 kg. published in 2010, vendors in Medan, Jakarta, and Surabaya spoke freely to researchers about how they obtain slow lorises, their uses in medicine, prices, and sales numbers. , Slow lorises are sold locally at street markets, but are also sold internationally over the Internet and in pet stores.  In 2015 Nekaris published that slow lorises were also used as a promotional photo-ops in bars and beaches frequented by tourists. , As part of the trade, infants are pulled prematurely from their parents, leaving them unable to remove their own urine, feces, and oily skin secretions from their fur. , In the case of the Bengal slow loris, every part—including the brain, urine, and skin—is used in traditional medicine in order to heal wounds and rheumatism. Throughout its geographical range, slow loris are declining drastically. To collect data about population and distribution of Javan slow Loris in the study area. New arrivals to the stores are also variable in size and age, which has further led the JWCS to suspect the slow lorises are imported illegally. Individuals forage alone, and mothers even âparkâ their infants in a safe place rather than carrying them along when they venture out. China and Indonesia were also known for international trade, although their local trade was more significant. During the surveys, between 15 and 45 slow lorises were seen around the market. , International trade usually results in a high mortality rate during transit, between 30% and 90%.  This results in severe bleeding, which sometimes causes shock or death, and frequently leads to dental infection, which is fatal in 90% of all cases. All newly identified species were covered by Appendix II on 2 April 1977 when all primates were given either Appendix I or Appendix II protection.  However, hunting pressure since the 1960s has become increasingly unsustainable, leading to overexploitation, because of growing demand, decreased supply, and the subsequent increased value of the marketed wildlife.  At the time, most viewers did not realize that the slow loris pet trade is illegal or that the docile behavior of the animals in the videos is a passive defensive reaction for dealing with stress. Training for enforcement officials helps improve identification and the awareness of their legal protection. In another shop, 150 dead slow lorises were found in two boxes.  Live trade is the most common, with only 13.6% of slow lorises traded for parts. Photo: Saurabhsawantphoto/Wikimedia Commons Cover: Mass awareness about Bengal slow loris and other primate species are urgently needed in their distribution ranges to inform people of the nocturnal speciesâ role in the ecosystem.  Other threats includes road construction, selective logging, and slash and burn agriculture. The slow loris in Indonesia is in serious danger of extinction and the greatest threat to its survival is the illegal trade in wildlife. 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